Literature review for qualitative research
Searching researc scientific literature A search of the scientific literature becomes paramount because the research question that motivates research generally comes first in the history of a research discipline. Some researchers often minimise this step.
Qualitative review research literature for the
Sometimes they mistakenly believe that their problems are so novel that past literature will not apply. Literature review for qualitative research all too often they simply do not give enough importance to the way in which their literature review will help. They underestimate past reseadch and sell short the future requirements of their science. The resources for conducting a literature search are great and marvellous. They fall into several categories: UMI dissertation service researhc and specialised sourcebooks and printed bibliographical resources [see also Bibliography Database in the POSH Homepage for selected bibliographies].
Literaturw of the literature According to Creswellthe literature is a research study accomplishes several purposes. It provides a framework for establishing the importance of the study, as well as a benchmark for comparing the results of a study with the other findings. Based on past research experience, literature helps validate a test hypothesis or theory and thus make a growing accumulation of findings leading to new research directions. Literature review in qualitative study In qualitative research the ressearch should be used in a manner consistent with qualitatjve methodology assumptions.
It should be used inductively so that it does not direct the questions asked by the researcher. One of the main reasons for conducting a qualitative study is that the study is explanatory; not much has been written about the topic or population being studied, and the researcher seeks to listen to informants and to build a picture based on their ideas. As with the use of theory, however, the amount of literature varies by the type of qualitative design.
As shown in Table 1, one can discuss the related literature in reseatch parts of litetature study. Criteria and method type for using literature in a qualitative study Creswell rveiew, Use of the literature Examples of suitable method type The literature is used to "frame" the problem in the introduction to the lietrature.
The research literature review for qualitative understand our
Some literature must be available. Typically used kiterature all qualitative studies, regardless of type. The literature is presented in a separate section researc a "review here the literature.
This approach is used with those studies employing a strong theory and literature background at the beginning of a study, such as ethnographies, critical theory studies. The literature is presented in the study at the end; it becomes a basis for comparing and contrasting findings of the qualitative study. This approach is most suitable for the "inductive" process of qualitative research; the literature does not guide and direct the study, but rather become an aide once patterns or categories have been identified.
This approach is used in all type of qualitative designs, but it is most popular with grounded theory, wherein one contrasts and compares his or her theory with other theories found in the literature. Literature review in quantitative study Quantitative studies include a substantial amount of literature to provide direction for the research questions or hypotheses. In planning a quantitative study, the reseach often is used to introduce a problem in the introduction; is described in detail in a section titled "Related Literature" or "Review of Literature" or some other similar concept; and typically is advanced as a basis for comparing with results to be found in the study.
Regardless of the placement, the literature is used deductively as a framework for the research questions or hypothesis. If a separate review of the literature is used, consider whether the literature will be described as integrative summaries, theoretical reviews, or methodological reviews.
A typical practice in dissertation writing is to advance an integrative review. Integrative summaries Cooper suggested that literature reviews can be integrative where they simply are summaries of past research. This model is popular in dissertation proposals and dissertations. Theoretical reviews A second form recommended by Cooper is theoretical review, wherein the researcher focuses on extant theory relates to the problem being qualitarive. This form may be demonstrated best in journal articles in which the author integrates the theory into the introduction to the study.
Methodological reviews A final reseqrch suggested by Cooper is a methodological review, in which the researcher focuses on methods and definitions.
These reviews may provide not only a summary of studies but also an actual critique of the strengths and weaknesses of the method sections. Some authors use this form in dissertations and in "review of related literature" sections in journal articles. Material to include in a review Include essential information from articles in a review of a single research study or essay. Researchers need to consider what material is to be extracted from a research study and summarised in a "review of related literature" section.
Knowing what to abstract and how to abstract it quickly becomes an important literatuge when one is reviewing hundreds write me sometime essay studies. A good summary gor a journal article includes the following points: Mention the problem being addressed. Briefly state informtion about the sample, population, or subjects. Review key fpr that related to the study. Regiew on whether or not the review is a methodological review Cooper, point out technical and methodological flaws in the study.
Depending on whether or not the review is a methodological review Cooper, point out technical and methodological flaws in the study. In planning revie quantitative study, the literature often is used to introduce a problem in the introduction; is described in detail in a section titled "Related Literature" or "Review of Literature" or some other similar concept; and typically is advanced as a basis for comparing with results to be found in the study. Whilst some literature reviews can be presented in a chronological order, it is best avoided. Literature reviews can be a class assignment, an introduction to a paper or research project, a stand-alone article, or an introduction to a larger work, such as a thesis or dissertation. Information about the data examined. The only real way to evaluate is through experience, but there are a literature review for qualitative research tricks for evaluating information quickly, yet accurately.
In appearance the summary may look like an abstract, but in reality key components have been consciously chosen: Creswell, Seagren, qulitative Henry tested the Biglan model, a three-dimensional model clustering 36 academic areas into hard or soft, pure or applied, life or nonlife areas, as a predictor of chairpersons located in four state colleges and one university of a Midwestern state participated in the study.
Results showed that chairpersons in different academic areas differed in terms of their professional development needs.
On the basis of the findings, the authors recommended that those who develop in-service programs need to consider differences among disciplines when they plan qualitatibe programs. Review of the central purpose of the study. Information about the data examined. Statement of the major results of the study and the practical implications of these results.
For studies which are not research oriented, such as essays, opinions, typologies, and synthesis of past research, the material to be extracted is as follows: Mention the problem being addressed by the article or book. Identify the central theme of the study. Indentify the major conclusions related to this qualitstive. If the review type is methodological, mention flaws in reasoning, logic, force of argument, and so forth.
Review literature research qualitative for there
Example 2 - Review of a study advancing a typology Sudduth completed a quantitative dissertation in political science on the topic of the use of strategic adaption in rural hospitals. He reviewed the literature in several chapters at the beginning of the study. In an example of summarising a revview study advancing a typology, Sudduth summarising the problem, the theme, and the typology: Ginter, Duncan, Richardson, and Swayne recognise the impact of the external environment on a hospital's ability to adapt to change. They advocate a process that they call environmental analysis which allows the organisation to strategically determine the best responses to change occurring in the researchh.
However, after examining the multiple techniques used for environmental analysis, it appears that no comprehensive conceptual scheme or computer model has been developed to provide literwture complete analysis of environmental issues Ginter et al. The result is an essential part of strategic change that relies heavily on a non-quantifiable and judgmental process of evaluation. To assist the hospital manager to carefully assess the external environment, Ginter et al. Begin with single studies and move on to syntheses on topics. Start with link most recent studies in the area and then gradually work backwards.
Always read the abstract or summary first, as this revieq help you decide whether the article quzlitative relevant and save working time. Next review books related to the topic. Begin with research monographs that are summaries of researcu scholarly literature. Then consider entire books that are on a single topic or that contain chapters written by different authors. Follow this research by reading recent conference papers on a topic. Look for major, national conferences and the papers delivered at them. Most major conferences either require or request that authors submit their papers for inclusion in computerised qhalitative.
If time permits, especially at the dissertation proposal stage, look at the abstracts of dissertation in "Dissertation Abstracts International University Microfilms, ", UMI dissertations, bibliography resource handbooks and references in the library, internet bibliographical databases, etc. Dissertations vary immensely in quality, and one needs to be selective in examining these studies. But a research of the Abstracts might result in one or two relevant dissertations.
As shown in Table 1, one can discuss the related literature in various parts of a study. The fact that a researcher is undertaking the research program speaks for its importance, and an educated reader may well be insulted that they are not allowed to judge the importance for themselves. A good literature review should avoid the temptation of impressing the importance of a particular research program. Regardless of the placement, the literature is used deductively as a framework for the research literature review for qualitative research or hypothesis. Some literature must be available. Integrative summaries Cooper suggested that literature reviews can be integrative where they simply are summaries of past research. He reviewed the literature in several chapters at the beginning of the study.
Once these dissertations are identified, request copies of them through interlibrary loan or through the University of Michigan Microfilm Library.