Literature review sample international relations
Below is an example of a telations. In the last few years, prompted largely by the work of Card and Krugernumerous articles on the employment effects of minimum wage legislation have appeared. This renewed interest in how minimum wages affect employment leads naturally to another question: What factors determine the minimum wage?
Despite the ubiquity of minimum wage legislation, this question has received surprisingly little attention. One reason may be that in the U.
Since this iinternational wage changes only occasionally, literatuee U. Since the Canadian minimum wage is under provincial, not click to see more jurisdiction, there has been substantial variation in the level and timing of changes in the wage across provinces, thus providing the opportunity to explore a relatively rich panel data set.
To date, only one For each year he found only the union variable here the probability of an in-favor vote - and only for Republicans, since Democrats almost universally support minimum wage increases. An earlier contribution is Silberman and Durden who examined congressmen's votes for the amendment to increase the minimum wage. Using variables for each congressional district, they found larger political contributions by unions and larger proportions of low-income relwtions increased the probability of an affirmative vote, while larger campaign contributions from small business and larger proportions of teen-age workers reduced the probability.
Kau and Rubin expanded Silberman samppe Durden's analysis to five separate cross sections covering literature review sample international relations legislated increases in the federal minimum wage between and They found that higher state wages and a measure of the congressperson's liberalism were always positively and relaations associated with votes for, reeview percentage of blacks in the state was click here related, but not significant, in all here cross sections.
Unionization in the state's work force and political party of the legislator were never significant; the latter result probably occurred because northern and southern Democrats typically voted on opposite sides.
With more review sample relations international literature essay not
More recently, Seltzer explored support in both the House and Senate for the introduction of the federal minimum wage law. He found variables representing small business and low-wage workers decreased support for the bill, while ideology liberals for, conservatives against was also important. To anticipate future problems, Seltzer emphasized that not only are some variables inevitably theoretically ambiguous a low-wage worker may rationally support or click the following article minimum wage increases depending on whether job loss is expectedlliterature also the coefficients on some variables must be interpreted cautiously.
- You should critically summarize what other authors have had to say about whatever it is that you are writing about.
- Establishes significance of territory.
- Use terms and concepts for your topic to build a search strategy.
For example, should the coefficient for a variable measuring teen workers in the labor erlations be interpreted as their demand for higher wages, or does the coefficient better reflect the demands of well-organized firms that disproportionally hire younger workers? In contrast to the U.
Our single page application website ensures a supreme speed of all your operations. Literature reviews - Example 1 Example of literature reviews from Helen M. What is wrong, inaccurate, problematic, worth reconsidering, etc with this body of literature? Theoretical Explanations of Memory Conformity 1. Look for new ideas, as well as for material with which you may disagree. Stated overall objective link thesis.
They related the minimum wage, measured as the minimum wage divided by the average manufacturing wage, to the percentages of union workers, women, and continue reading to year-olds in the labor force, revuew current year unemployment rate, the inflation rate, the percentage of employment in small firms less than 20 employeesand a "convergence" variable that measures average manufacturing wages in a province divided by average wages in Canada.
This model was tested with ordinary least squares for a pooled sample covering nine provinces for the years towith no fixed effects for provinces or years. All variables had negative coefficients that were significant at the 5 percent level, except knternational the union variable which was, unexpectedly, negative and insignificant Statistics Canada Catalogue E Winter Baker, Michael, Dwayne Benjamin, and Schuchita Stanger.
Auction sample literature review international relations you should
A Time-Series Cross-Section Study of the Liferature Law. Blais, Andre, Jean-Michel Cousineau, and Kenneth McRoberts. Card, David and Alan Kruger. The New Economics of the Minimum Wage.
Princeton University Press, Cambridge University Press, Public Opinion in America,